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Economic Report: U.S. adds robust 223,000 jobs in December, but wage growth slows in sign of ebbing inflation pressures


The numbers: The U.S. generated 223,000 new jobs in December to mark the smallest increase in two years, but the labor market still showed surprising vigor even as the economy faced rising headwinds.

The unemployment rate, meanwhile, slipped to 3.5% from 3.6%, the government said Friday.

The jobless rate has touched 3.5% several times since 2019. That matches the lowest rate since 1969.

One good sign for Wall Street and the Federal Reserve. Hourly pay rose a modest 0.3% last month, suggesting wages are coming off a boil.

The increase in wages over the past year also slowed to 4.6% from 4.8%, marking the smallest gain since the summer of 2021.

U.S. stocks


rose in premarket trades and bond yields edged higher after the report.

Economists polled by The Wall Street Journal had forecast a smaller increase in new jobs of 200,000.

The resilient labor market is a double-edged sword for the Federal Reserve.

For one thing, a scarcity of workers has driven up wages and threatens to prolong a bout of high inflation. The Fed wants the labor market to cool off further to ease the upward pressure on prices.

Yet the strong labor market also offers the best hope for the Fed to avert a recession as it jacks up interest rates to the highest level in years. Higher rates reduce inflation by slowing the economy.

James Bullard, president of the St. Louis Federal Reserve, said on Thursday the odds of so-called soft landing have gone up in part because of the sturdy labor market. He was referring to a Goldilocks scenario in which the central bank vanquishes inflation without causing a recession.

The U.S. economy created 223,000 new jobs in the final month of 2022, lowering the unemployment rate to 3.5%.

olivier douliery/Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

Senior Fed officials still want to see the jobs market slacken some more, however. They are likely to keep raising rates — and keep them high — until demand for labor, goods and services ease up.

Big picture: The U.S. economy has shown more fragility, especially in segments like housing and manufacturing that are sensitive to high interest rates. Many economists predict a recession is likely this year due to the higher cost of borrowing.

The Fed, for its part, is trying to thread the needle: Bring down high inflation and keep the economy out of recession.

Whatever the outcome, one thing is virtually certain: The unemployment rate is expected to rise as U.S. growth wanes. Whether it’s enough to help the Fed achieve is far from clear. 

Key details: Health care providers, hotels and restaurants accounted for most of the increase in employment last month. They added a combined 150,000-plus jobs.

Hiring was weaker in most other sectors, suggesting that the labor market is likely to soften further.

High-tech has been hit particularly hard and is experiencing a wave of layoffs.

Employment in so-called professional businesses, which includes some tech, fell by 6,000, largely reflecting fewer temps being hired. It was the only major category to post a decline.

The share of working-age people in the labor force — known as the participation rate — rose a tick to 62.3%.. A lack of people looking for work is a chief source of the labor shortage.

Hiring in November and October was little changed after government revisions. The economy added 256,000 jobs in November and 263,000 in October.

 Market reaction:  The Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA and S&P 500 SPX were set to open higher in Friday trades.

Investors worry a strong labor market will push the Fed to take sterner measures to slow the economy. The slowdown in hiring and wage growth is likely to be seen in a positive light.

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