Oil futures rose for a third straight session on Monday, with U.S. prices posting their highest finish so far this month, as the U.S. dollar continued to pull back from multidecade highs, negotiations over an Iran nuclear deal hit another snag, and investors weighed supply developments.
West Texas Intermediate crude for October delivery
rose 99 cents, or 1.1%, to settle at $87.78 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. That was the highest front-month finish since Aug. 31, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
October natural gas
gained 3.2% to $8.249 per million British thermal units.
The ICE U.S. Dollar Index
was down 0.6%, extending a pullback from a 20-year high as the euro
bounced. A stronger dollar had been blamed partly for a slide that saw crude last week drop to its lowest since January, while fears over the outlook for demand also weighed on the complex as investors focused on aggressive monetary policy tightening by the Federal Reserve and other major central banks.
A stronger dollar is seen as a weight on commodities priced in the unit, making them more expensive to users of other currencies.
“Although lockdowns in China and still-elevated Russian oil exports are likely to ease some tightness in the global oil market in the near term, we still expect oil supply to tighten and prices to climb in the coming quarters,” wrote strategists at UBS, in a research note dated Monday.
The UBS analysts said sales from strategic oil reserves of OECD countries will remove more than one million barrels per day of supply from November onwards, and oil demand is set to rise given the need for fuel to generate electricity due to higher prices and reduced availability of natural gas and coal.
Meanwhile, developments around Iran nuclear talks may also be supportive, analysts said. France, Germany and Britain on Saturday said they had “serious doubts” about Tehran’s commitment to reviving the pact due to its insistence on a closure of a probe by the UN’s nuclear watchdog into traces of uranium at three sites, according to reports. Iran called the joint statement “regrettable.”
The “faltering Iranian nuclear discussions,” as well as broad based recovery in the U.S. capital markets and resilient strength in U.S. wage growth, contributed to the gains for oil prices Monday, Manish Raj, chief financial Officer at Velandera Energy Partners, told MarketWatch.
“Physical market makers are breathing a sigh of relief to see Iranian nuclear deal being pushed back,” he said. “Since Iran has amassed up a flotilla of nearly 100 million barrels of oil ready to flood the market the day sanctions are waived, the short-term price impact of an Iranian deal are hard to dismiss.”
Warnings by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and their allies — a group known as OPEC+ — about volatile price action and the disconnect with fundamentals might also be a factor in the gains, said Craig Erlam, senior market analyst at OANDA, in a note.
OPEC+ earlier this month agreed to cut production by 100,000 barrels a day in October.
“The group sent a warning shot earlier this month and may be tempted to send another prior to the October meeting. The recovery in the price may be supported by that, alongside a broader improvement in risk appetite in the markets and a weaker dollar,” Erlam said.